Guide to Containing and Preventing Tuberculosis
When it comes to disease prevention, you can never be too safe — even simple medical treatments like vaccines prevent more than 2.5 million deaths each year. Tuberculosis was a leading cause of death in the 20th century, but with the improvements made to medical science and occupational health software in recent years, the risk has almost completely dissolved. It’s still important to get frequent tuberculosis testing and remain vigilant in prevention efforts. Here are some other ways to limit the spread of tuberculosis.
First, you should be aware that when active, the TB disease can be very dangerous. Up to a third of the world’s population is infected with the bacteria that is known to cause tuberculosis, according to the World Health Organization.
If you’re aware of someone who has tuberculosis, don’t spend any extended period of time with them in a stuffy room or a room with not enough airflow. A person infected with tuberculosis can remain contagious for up to two weeks after medicated.
If you work regularly with patients who have tuberculosis, take precautions like wearing a face mask during your work hours. And if you live with someone who currently has tuberculosis, insist that they begin the treatment process as soon as possible. If you think they might have it but you aren’t entirely sure, talk to them about getting a TB blood test or a tuberculin skin test.
Although a vaccine for tuberculosis does exist, it’s not readily available in the United States. This is due to low risk and ineffectiveness in adults who receive the vaccine. The vaccine can also cause false positives when it comes to tuberculosis testing, complicating the process and causing unnecessary worry.
Finally, it’s important to be aware of the groups who are most prone to becoming afflicted with tuberculosis. Children under four years old, people who’ve been infected within the last two years, people who have HIV, and people with certain clinical conditions are more likely to develop an active case of tuberculosis due to their weakened immune systems.
Overall, the risk for developing active tuberculosis is small, but not impossible. For more immunization information or general health information, contact a physician.